The current work of the Climate Resilient Development programme can be best understood as project activities in three key thematic areas of focus:

1. Technology activities

Technology Needs Assessment

Technology Needs Assessments (TNAs) are a set of country-driven activities that identify and determine the mitigation and adaptation technology priorities of countries. TNAs are considered central to the work of developing countries in meeting their targets set in the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). The TNA process presents a unique opportunity for countries to track their needs for new equipment, techniques, services, capacities and skills necessary to mitigate GHG emissions and reduce the vulnerability of sectors and livelihoods to climate change.

UN Environment through UNEP DTU Partnership is implementing the GEF-funded Global Technology Needs Assessment Project. The TNA Project identifies, prioritizes and assesses key technologies and their enabling environments to facilitate national climate resilient and low carbon development paths. The ultimate outcome of a national TNA process are sectoral national Technology Action Plans (TAPs), which recommend enabling frameworks for the diffusion of the priority technologies and facilitates identification of good technology transfer projects and their links to relevant financing sources. The TAP systematically identifies the actions necessary to reduce or remove barriers, including aspects related to social, economic and technological barriers.

The CRD programme has, in collaboration with colleagues from the CED programme, supported 36 countries in phase I, and is currently supporting 26 more in phase II. The support has taken the form of development of guidebooks and tools (e.g. for evaluating and prioritizing technologies for adaptation through multicriteria analysis (MCA), and sector guidebooks on technologies in agriculture, water and in the coastal zone), regional training workshops, and direct support through in country missions and individual consultation.A third phase was recently approved which will include 23 additional countries (primarily Small Island Developing states and Least Developed Countries) in the period 2018-2021.

Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN)

The CTCN is the operational arm of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)'s Technology Mechanism and is hosted by UNEP in collaboration with UNIDO and with the support of 11 independent organizations with expertise in climate technologies, including UDP. The CTCN is a demand-driven mechanism as its services are offered upon request by developing countries, and the volume and specific nature of activities will ultimately depend on countries' requirements and needs. UDP also provides support to the CTCN's capacity building, networking, knowledge sharing and awareness-raising activities.

Currently, UDP supports a total of 14 requests from countries, whereof 7 are focused on or include aspects of technologies for adaptation:

1. Jordan, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Guyana: Capacity building for preparing project proposals to access funding
2. Kenya: Research on low cost green technologies for sustainable water service delivery
3. Benin: Establishment of a sustainable system of collection and dissemination of agro-meteorological information to producers to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.
4. Zimbabwe: Developing a climate-smart agriculture manual for agriculture education in Zimbabwe
5. Pakistan: Technical guidance and support for conducting a TNA.
6. South Africa: The development of subnational technology roadmaps


The UNEP DTU Partnership has signed a MOU with the UNFCCC Secretariat to formalize cooperation aimed at addressing the needs of developing countries in mitigation and adaptation technologies to meet desired levels of reduced greenhouse gas emissions and to the reduction of vulnerability to climate change. The cooperation includes developing guidance and sharing experiences on enhanced implementation of the results of TNAs, as well as other technology related work. Current collaboration includes a paper on identifying and analysing potential linkages between TNAs and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) with the objective to enhance the understanding of potential linkages between the processes, and on how these could be achieved, as well as to propose options to establish concrete linkages between TNAs and NDCs. The paper will assist the Technology Executive Committee (TEC) under the UNFCCC in delivering relevant key messages and recommendations to Parties.

Developing and testing approaches for assessing the potential of technologies for adaptation

The empirical and theoretical literature assessing the potential to reduce vulnerability and mitigate climate change risks through technologies remains sparse and fragmented. By contrast in the field of mitigation there is extensive research and a large volume of studies and assessments of the economic and technical mitigation potential by sectors and technologies. This Danida-funded project builds on the CRD Programme’s extensive work and experience in the area of technologies for adaptation, and aims to establish more evidence-based information on how to assess the impacts of technologies for adaptation and their potential to vulnerability reduction. 

Through this project, the CRD Programme collaborates with a number of international partners working within the field of technologies for adaptation. A recent example is the CRD Programme’s organisation of a session ‘Exploring the adaptation potential of technologies’ in collaboration with Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) during the Adaptation Futures Conference 2016.


2. Private sector engagement activities

Adaptation Mitigation Readiness (ADMIRE)

The ADMIRE Project is a 4 year project (2014 - 2017) funded by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It is a collaboration between United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the UNEP DTU Partnership. The project supports the development of ideas, in collaboration with applicants, local experts and national government representatives, into sustainable financeable frameworks that will support the integration of private sector action into nationally appropriate mitigation and adaptation plans and policies.

ADMIRE supports a total of 6 projects in total focused on adaptation or joint adaptation/mitigation:

1. Cambodia: This joint mitigation adaptation project aims to develop a NAMA for sustainable charcoal. Adaptation benefits are also achieved through direct economic contributions to community forest groups, and indirect benefits of restored ecosystems.
2. Ghana: Through this project, farmers in Ghana can subscribe to text and voice messages alerting them to weather variability and good practice agricultural techniques. Subscription mechanisms will sustainably finance development of SMS content.
3. India: This project aims to develop a sustainable model for private sector engagement in urban disaster risk reduction, in the context of recurrent floods in Mumbai. 
4. Jamaica: This project aims to develop a financing model for the dissemination and uptake of aquaponics technology to commercial farmers. 
5. Peru: This joint adaptation and mitigation project focuses on development of a NAMA on implementation of Peru's new law on land-use rights. The adaptation benefits include livelihood contributions and income security that are resilient to climate impacts, as the coffee farmers will implement agroforestry techniques to improve coffee yields and at the same time provide mitigation benefits through reducing GHG emissions from coffee production.
6. Vietnam: This project aims to develop a value chain based financing model for fishermen affected by coastal typhoons, who will switch livelihoods to aquaculture to improve their climate resilience.

Private Sector Engagement in Climate Change Adaptation

This DANIDA-funded Private Sector Engagement Project aims to facilitate private sector engagement in climate resilience, by developing conceptual and analytical approaches, methods and policy guidance, which contribute to an increased understanding of the role of - and opportunities for - private sector engagement in adaptation. This work draws on evidence-based learning from existing projects, new empirical cases, as well as existing scholarly work. This UDP initiative contributes to strengthening the business case for adaptation from a developing country business perspective, as well as to demonstrate the relevance and prospects for integrating the private sector in national adaptation planning, policies and projects.

The project includes a new UDP 'Perspectives' series publication, which explores new and diverse perspectives on the role of the private sector in building resilience to climate change in the global south, with a focus on small and medium-sized enterprises. The aim is to contribute with new conceptual and empirical insights on the current experience, as well as the barriers and future perspectives for SMEs to contribute to minimize the negative effects of climate change, and to harness some of the positive consequences and potential business opportunities.

3. Climate compatible development activities

UN Environment Emissions Gap Report

The CRD Programme has managed the production of UNEP’s flagship report on climate change – the Emissions Gap Report – since 2011. We are currently working on the 2017 report.

The Emissions Gap Reports are annual science-based assessments of the gap between countries’ pledges on greenhouse gas emissions reductions and the reductions required to deliver a global temperature increase of below 2°C by the end of this century. Each year the reports also feature assessment of key opportunities for bridging the gap. The reports have gained wide reputation as a scientifically authoritative source of timely and policy relevant information to key decision-makers, informing the UNFCCC process, and – looking forward – the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

UNEP DTU Partnership staff act as secretariat to the different parties involved in the preparation of the report, contribute to drafting the executive summary of it, author sections of it and run the editorial process. UDP is furthermore involved in outreach and communication of key findings of the reports.

UN Environment Adaptation Gap Reports

UN Environment’s Adaptation Gap Report series complements the Emissions Gap Report series – exploring key adaptation gaps, how these may be assessed, and what the options are for bridging them. The aim of the reports is to inform national and international efforts to advance adaptation.

The first UNEP 2014 Adaptation Gap Report provided a framework for defining adaptation gaps and a preliminary assessment of gaps in three key areas: finance, technology and knowledge. The 2016 Adaptation Finance Gap Report zoomed in on finance, assessing the difference between the costs of meeting climate change adaptation needs in developing countries and the finance available to meet these costs.

The 2017 Adaptation Gap Report focuses on the status and ways forward for assessing and tracking progress on adaptation at a global level, to support the post-Paris process and operationalisation of the global goal on adaptation. The report aims to provide insights into the current state of knowledge on methodologies, indicators and metrics for adaptation tracking.

(Intended) Nationally Determined Contributions (iNDC) Support

UNEP DTU Partnership is providing technical support to 31 countries from Africa, Asia, Latin America and Caribbean under the project 'Preparation of intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) to the 2015 Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) GEF Agency'. 

The project runs from April 2015 to December 2017 and the implementation is divided in two phases:

Phase 1: April 2015-December 2015

UNEP GEF INDC Support project & GSP for INDC preparation

• The UNEP-GEF INDC support project aimed at helping developing countries prepare their INDCs in 2015. The project's main objective was to help countries develop INDCs and submit to UNFCC before 1 October.
• The project supported 36 countries (of which UDP provided technical support to 32), of which 35 countries submitted their INDCs prior to Paris COP. Global Support Programme (GSP) for INDC preparation is an enabling activity project to provide tools as well as platform for south-south exchange on the INDC development.

Phase 2: January 2016- December 2017

NDC implementation Support by UNEP/UDP

UNEP/UDP is providing NDC implementation support through two projects: UNEP-GEF INDC Support project and Global Support Programme (GSP) for INDC preparation, and the Facilitating Implementation Readiness for Mitigation funded by the Danish Government.

CAAST-Net Plus

CAAST-Net Plus is a network with the objective to advance bi-regional research and innovation cooperation between Sub-Saharan Africa and Europe. The network is funded for 2013 - 2016 by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme (was recently extended for one year to end 2017). UNEP DTU Partnership is one of 25 partner organisations from all over Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa seeking to contribute to quality and scope of the Africa-Europe science, technology and innovation (STI) relationship in three thematic fields; health, climate change, and food and nutrition security.

UN Environment LDCF/AF Adaptation Projects

In collaboration with UNEP’s Division of Environmental Policy Implementation (DEPI), UDP is currently providing task management support to three Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) and one Adaptation Fund (AF) adaptation projects in Cambodia, Comoros, Madagascar, Rwanda, and Tanzania. The projects cover a wide range of adaptation issues, including implementation of Early Warning Systems, Ecosystem Based Adaptation, Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Agriculture, and Water Management. UDP has also lead development of new project concepts and supervision of full project proposal formulation for the LDCF (Lesotho, Sudan and Tanzania).

Assessing climate resilience and adaptation impacts

The process of adaptation is gradually moving away from planning and piloting to mainstreaming and scaling up. At the same time, negotiations under the climate convention (UNFCCC) is increasingly emphasizing the need for transparency and reporting on outcomes of adaptation. Assessment of climate resilience and adaptation impacts is therefore an important, but yet somewhat underdeveloped, theme for adaptation. The CRD programme has started two activities related to this:

1. Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT). This larger initiative covering both mitigation and adaptation was founded to respond to the critical need to support improved transparency and capacity building under the Paris Agreement. While the main push so far has been on mitigation (see description under the low carbon development programme), UDP has also partnered with other organizations to start the preparation of a full parallel track on adaptation. So far this has resulted in a scoping phase which has proposed a draft methodological framework for analysing transparency in adaptation to climate change. Going forward UDP will join other partners in a joint proposal for inclusion and expansion of support to adaptation-focused transparency arrangements under the UNFCCC. It has the overall objective of strengthening the capacity of countries to implement, monitor and evaluate effective and efficient adaptation actions in a transparent manner.

2. A new UDP 'perspectives' publication (a collection of 8-10 expert articles discussing, in a free format personal perspectives on a 'front line' issue related to mitigation or adaptation). This edition, expected by end of 2017, will explore the issue of 'adaptation metrics, i.e. essentially the question 'how can we, in a meaningful way, measure impacts of adaptation measures at an aggregate level'.

For further information, please contact the Programme Head: Anne


18 APRIL 2019