Following the adoption of the Paris Agreement, which comes into force on November 4, 2016, all Parties have to implement Intended Nationally Determined Contributions(INDCs)/Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in the context of their national sustainable development priorities, to address climate change. So far 165 Parties have submitted their INDCs and 10 Parties have submitted a new NDC.
In the lead-up to COP 21, which took place in December 2015 in Paris, Parties to UNFCCC were invited to submit their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).
UNEP DTU Partnership (UDP), with funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), provided technical support to 32 developing countries from Africa, Asia, Latin America and Caribbean, helping them with data collection, projections and analysis in preparing and submit their INDCs.
UDP is implementing this support under the project 'Preparation of intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) to the 2015 Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) GEF Agency', which runs from April 2015 to December 2017, in two phases:
The first phase ran from April 2015 to December 2015. During this period, the project supported 36 countries (of which UDP provided technical support to 32), of which 35 countries submitted their INDCs prior to COP21 in Paris. The funding for this phase came from the UNEP GEF INDC support project and the Global Support Programme (GSP) for INDC preparation, which is an enabling activity project to provide tools as well as platform for south-south exchange on the INDC development.
In May 2015, UDP organized a three-day training workshop in Copenhagen for twelve of the 32 participating developing countries. The workshop included plenary sessions to discuss INDC concept and process, specific sessions on mitigation and adaptation, as well as presentations and exercise sessions on methodologies and tools to analyse INDC’s mitigation and adaptation elements. The workshop sessions helped to assist countries in identifying INDC types and content, informing them on developing adaptation components of INDC, developing a project implementation plan for designing INDC and submission to UNFCCC, and allowing experience sharing of ‘in-country’ processes and structures for successful INDC submissions. UDP conducted the second round training workshop on 30 June - 2 July 2015, engaging the remaining 20 countries. Watch the training sessions online.
The countries participating in the UDP training were at an early stage of INDC preparation. A key challenge for many was understanding what data and information are necessary to assess mitigation and adaptation contributions. Another issue was how to present the possible contributions, and the political implications of what is submitted. Most of the countries faced the additional challenge of getting timely political endorsement.
Participants at the first INDC Training Workshop, May 19-21, 2015
The second phase of runs from January 2016 to June 2017. During this time, UNEP/UDP is providing NDC implementation support through two projects: UNEP-GEF INDC Support project and Global Support Programme (GSP) for INDC preparation, and the Facilitating Implementation Readiness for Mitigation funded by the Danish Government.
In September 2016, UNEP DTU conducted a Workshop on ' Implementing Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) – Way Forward' for Participants from Maldives and Afghanistan, 21 – 23 September 2016, UNEP DTU Partnership, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Participants from Maldives and Afghanistan, 21 – 23 September 2016
The objective of the workshop was to:
• Increase understanding of participants of MRV System for Mitigation Contributions which includes identification of data sources, institutional arrangements for a MRV system, indicators for a MRV system, verification of data and reporting of NDCs.
• Assist participants on developing Adaptation Actions of ND through development of indicators for adaptation actions, how the adaptation actions contribute to vulnerability reduction and evaluation of progress of the adaptation actions.
• Improve understanding of participants of financial resources for NDC implementation, how private sector financial resources can be utilized for NDC implementation, potential sources for implementation of conditional targets in the INDCs.
To read more on the ongoing NDC-support work at UNEP DTU Partnership, visit the website www.iNDC-support.org.